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Publications

Books and Book Chapters

  1. “Shadowing growth and physical self-assembly of 3D columnar structures” in Handbook of Theoretical and Computational Nanotechnology, T. Karabacak and T.-M. Lu (Eds. M. Rieth and W. Schommers, American. Scientific Publishers, Stevenson Ranch, CA, 2005), Vol. 9 (Nanocomposites, Nano-Assemblies, Nanosurfaces), chap. 69, pp. 729-779.
  2. “Network behavior in thin films and nanostructure growth dynamics” in Thin Film Growth: Physics, Materials Science and Applications, H. Guclu, T. Karabacak, and M. Yuksel (Ed. C. Zexian, Woodhead Publishing, 2011) pp. 384-403.

Journal Papers

  1. “GLAD Cr nanorods coated with SAD Pt thin film for oxygen reduction reaction”, W. J. Khudhayer, N. Kariuki, D. J. Myers, A. U. Shaikh, and T. Karabacak, J. Electrochemical Society, 159, B729 (2012), doi: 10.1149/2.087206jes. pdf
  2. “Oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalytic activity of glancing angle deposited platinum nanorod arrays”, W. J. Khudhayer, N. Kariuki, X. Wang, D. J. Myers, A. U. Shaikh, and T. Karabacak, J. Electrochemical Society, 158, B1029 (2011), doi:10.1149/1.3599901. pdf
  3. “Thin-film growth dynamics with shadowing and re-emission effects”, T. Karabacak, J. Nanophoton. 5, 052501 (2011), doi:10.1117/1.3543822. pdf
  4. “Platinum nanorod arrays with preferred morphological and crystal properties for oxygen reduction reaction”, W. J. Khudhayer, A. U. Shaikh, and T. Karabacak, Adv. Sci. Lett., 4, 3551-3559 (2011), doi:10.1166/asl.2011.1867. pdf
  5. “Enhanced oxidation resistance of magnesium nanorods grown by glancing angle deposition”, S. U. Bayca, M. F. Cansizoglu, A. S. Biris, F. Watanabe, and T. Karabacak, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 36, 5998 (2011), doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.01.152. pdf
  6. “High optical absorption of indium sulfide nanorod arrays formed by glancing angle deposition”, M. F. Cansizoglu, R. Engelken, H.-W. Seo, and T. Karabacak, ACS Nano, 4, 733 (2010) pdf
  7. “Compact nanostructure integrated pool boiler for microscale cooling applications”, M. Sesen, W. Khudhayer, T. Karabacak, and A. Kosar, Micro & Nano Letters, 5, 203 (2010). pdf
  8. “Low hydrogen containing amorphous carbon films—Growth and electrochemical properties as lithium battery anodes”, V. Subramanian, Tansel Karabacak, Charan Masarapu, Ranganath Teki, Toh-Ming Lu, and Bingqing Wei, J. Pow. Sour.  (2010) pdf
  9. “Arbitrarily shaped Si nanostructures by glancing angle ion beam sputter deposition”, C. Patzig, A. Miessler, T. Karabacak, and B. Rauschenbach, Phys. Stat. Sol. B, (2010) pdf
  10. “Bridging the Nano and Macro Worlds: Shadowing and Reemission”, M. Yuksel, T. Karabacak, and H. Guclu, Fountain Magazine, (2010) pdf
  11. “Hydrophobic metallic nanorods with Teflon nanopatches”, W. J. Khudhayer, R. Sharma, and T. Karabacak, Nanotechnology, 20, 275302 (2009) pdf
  12. “Network behavior in thin film growth dynamics”, T. Karabacak, H. Guclu, M. Yuksel, Phys. Rev. B, 79, 195418 (2009); featured in the online cover page of Physical Review B pdf
  13. “Size control of Cu nanorods through oxygen-mediated growth and low-temperature sintering”, P.-I. Wang, T. C. Parker, T. Karabacak, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Nanotechnology, 20, 085605 (2009) pdf
  14. “Low temperature wafer bonding by copper nanorod array”, P.-I. Wang, S. H. Lee, T. C. Parker, M. D. Frey, T. Karabacak, J.-Q. Lu, and T.-M. Lu, Electrochem. and Solid State Lett., 12, H138-H141 (2009) pdf
  15. “Influence of nanotips on the hydrophilicity of metallic nanorod surfaces”, D.-X. Ye, T.-M. Lu, and T. Karabacak, Phys. Rev. Lett., 100, 256102 (2008) pdf
  16. “Competitive growth mechanisms of aluminum nitride thin films deposited by off-normal reactive magnetron sputtering”, D. Deniz, T. Karabacak, J. M. E. Harper, J. of Appl. Phys., 103, 083553 (2008) pdf
  17. “Glancing angle sputter deposited nanostructures on rotating substrates: Experiments and simulations”, Ch. Patzig, T. Karabacak, B. Fuhrmann, B. Rauschenbach, J. Appl. Physics, 104, 094318 (2008) pdf
  18. “Preferred Orientation in Ru Nanocolumns Induced by Residual Oxygen”, J. P. Singh, T. Karabacak, P. Morrow, S. Pimanpang, T. M. Lu, and G. C. Wang, J. of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 7, 2192 (2007) pdf
  19. “Power-law scaling during shadowing growth of nanocolumns by oblique angle deposition”, F. Tang, T. Karabacak, L. Li, M. Pelliccione, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 25, 160 (2007) pdf
  20. “Mound formation in surface growth under shadowing”, M. Pelliccione, T. Karabacak, C. Gaire, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Phys. Rev. B, 74, 125420 (2006) pdf
  21. “Enhanced photo-emission from nanostructured surface topologies”, R. Teki, T. Karabacak, T.-M. Lu, and N. Koratkar, Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, 193116 (2006) pdf
  22. Water electrolysis activated by Ru nanorod array electrodes”, S. Kim, N. Koratkar, T. Karabacak, T.-M. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett., 88, 263106 (2006) pdf
  23. “Breakdown of Dynamic Scaling in Surface Growth under Shadowing”, M. Pelliccione, T. Karabacak, and T.-M. Lu, Phys. Rev. Lett., 96, 146105 (2006) pdf
  24. “Low temperature melting of copper nanorod arrays”, T. Karabacak, J. S. DeLuca, D. Ye, P.-I. Wang, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, J. Appl. Phys., 99, 064304 (2006) pdf
  25. “Texture of Ru columns grown by oblique angle sputter deposition”, P. Morrow, F. Tang, T. Karabacak, P.-I. Wang, D.-X. Ye, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 24, 205 (2006) pdf
  26. “Dielectric barriers, pore sealing, and metallization”, J. S. Juneja, P.-I. Wang, T. Karabacak, and T.-M. Lu, Thin Solid Films, 504, 239 (2006) pdf
  27. “Formation of body-centered cubic tantalum on low-k dielectrics at low temperatures”, J. J. Senkevich, T. Karabacak, D.-L. Bae and T. S. Cale, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 24, 534 (2006) pdf
  28. “Phase transformation of single crystal b-tungsten nanorods at elevated temperatures”, T. Karabacak, P.-I. Wang, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Thin Solid Films, 493, 293 (2005) pdf
  29. “Texture evolution during shadowing growth of isolated Ru columns”, F. Tang, T. Karabacak, P. Morrow, C. Gaire, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Phys. Rev. B, 72, 165402 (2005) pdf
  30. “Atomic layer deposition of Pd on TaN for Cu electroless plating”, Y.-S. Kim, G. A. Ten Eyck, D.-X. Ye, C. Jezewski, T. Karabacak, H.-S Shin, J. J. Senkevich, and T.-M. Lu, J. Electrochem. Soc., 152, C376 (2005) pdf
  31. “Physical properties of nanostructures grown by oblique angle deposition”, J.P. Singh, T. Karabacak, D.-X. Ye, D.-L. Liu, C. Picu, T.-M. Lu, and G.-C. Wang, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 23, 2114 (2005) pdf
  32. “AFM, SEM and in situ RHEED study of Cu texture evolution on amorphous carbon by oblique angle vapor deposition”, F. Tang, C. Gaire, D.-X. Ye, T. Karabacak, T.-M. Lu, and G.-C. Wang, Phys. Rev. B, 72, 035430 (2005) pdf
  33. “Uniform Si nano-structures grown by oblique angle deposition with substrate swing rotation”, D.-X. Ye, T. Karabacak, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Nanotechnology, 16, 1717 (2005) pdf
  34. “Enhanced step coverage by oblique angle physical vapor deposition”, T. Karabacak and T.-M. Lu, J. Appl. Phys., 97, 124504 (2005) pdf
  35. “Stress reduction in sputter deposited films using nanostructured compliant layers by high working-gas pressures”, T. Karabacak, J.J. Senkevich, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 23, 986 (2005) pdf
  36. “Plasma- assisted atomic layer deposition of palladium”, G. A. Ten Eyck, J. J. Senkevich, F. Tang, D. Liu, S. Pimanpang, T. Karabacak, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Chem. Vap. Deposition 11, 60 (2005) pdf
  37. “Stress reduction in tungsten films using nanostructured compliant layers by oblique angle sputter deposition”, T. Karabacak, C. R. Picu, J.J. Senkevich, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 5740 (2004) pdf
  38. “Enhanced photoluminescence of PPV thin film coated on the nano-structured substrate by glancing angle deposition”, T. Karabacak, C. Wiegand, D. Jia, J.J. Senkevich, and T.-M. Lu, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 7, H36 (2004) pdf
  39. “Growth of uniformly aligned nanorod arrays by oblique angle deposition with two-phase substrate rotation”, D.-X. Ye, T. Karabacak, B. K. Lim, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Nanotechnology 15, 817 (2004) pdf
  40. “A continuum model for nanocolumn growth during oblique angle deposition”, E. Main, T. Karabacak, and T.-M. Lu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 4346 (2004) pdf
  41. “Physical self-assembly and the nucleation of 3D nanostructures by oblique angle deposition”, T. Karabacak, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 22, 1778 (2004) pdf
  42. “Field ionization of argon using b-phase W nanorods”, J.P. Singh, T. Karabacak, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and N. Koratkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3226 (2004) pdf
  43. “Enhanced cold field emission from <100> oriented b-W nanoemitters”, J.P. Singh, F. Tang, T. Karabacak, T.-M. Lu, and G.-C. Wang, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, 1048 (2004) pdf
  44. “Quasi-periodic nano-structures grown by oblique angle deposition”, T. Karabacak, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 7723 (2003) pdf
  45. “Scaling during shadowing growth of isolated nano-columns”, T. Karabacak, J.P. Singh, Y.-P. Zhao, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Phys. Rev. B 68, 125408 (2003) pdf
  46. “b-phase W nanorod formation by oblique-angle sputter deposition”, T. Karabacak, A. Mallikarjunan, J.P. Singh, D.-X. Ye, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3096 (2003) pdf
  47. “Nanoridge domains in a-phase W films”, J.P. Singh, T. Karabacak, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Surf. Sci. Lett. 538, L483 (2003) pdf
  48. “How does an MWNT AFM Tip affect the determination of surface roughness statistics?”, Q.M. Hudspeth, K.P. Nangle, Y.-P. Zhao, T. Karabacak, , C.V. Nguyen, M. Meyyappan, G.-C. Wang, T.-M. Lu, Surface Science 515/2-3, 453-461(2002) pdf
  49. “Growth front roughening in silicon nitride films by PECVD”, T. Karabacak, Y.-P. Zhao, G.-C. Wang, T.-M. Lu, Phys. Rev. B 66, 075329 (2002) pdf
  50. “Growth front roughening in amorphous silicon films by sputtering”, T. Karabacak, Y.-P. Zhao, G.-C. Wang, T.-M. Lu, Phys. Rev. B 64, 085323 (2001) pdf
  51. “Large-angle in-plane light scattering from rough surfaces”, T. Karabacak, Y.-P. Zhao, M. Stowe, B. Quayle, G.-C. Wang, T.-M. Lu, Appl. Opt. 39, 4658-68 (2000) pdf
  52. “Anisotropic scaling of hard disk surface structures”, T. Karabacak, Y.-P. Zhao, G.-C. Wang, T.-M. Lu, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 3361-6 (2000) pdf

Conference Proceedings

  1. “Cytotoxic and anti-cancer effects of nickel nanowires against pancreatic cancer cells”, Md. Z. Hossain, W. J. Khudhayer, R. Akter, T. Karabacak, and M. G. Kleve, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Paper #: JJ5.34 (2011), in print [peer-reviewed]. pdf
  2. “Fabrication of crystalline semiconductor nanowires by vapor-liquid-solid glancing angle deposition (VLS-GLAD) technique”, A. S. Alagoz and T. Karabacak, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Paper #: MRSS11-1350-ee03-41 (2011) [peer-reviewed]. pdf
  3. “Glancing angle deposited platinum nanorod arrays for oxygen reduction reaction”, W. J. Khudhayer, N. Kariuki, D. Myers, A. Shaikh, and T. Karabacak, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Paper #: MRSF10-1311-GG06-09.R1 (2011) [peer-reviewed]. pdf
  4. “Submerged jet impingement cooling of a nanostructured plate”, M. Sesen, H. C. Erk, E. Demir, E. Kurtoglu, N. Kaplan, A. Kosar, W. Khudhayer, and T. Karabacak, Proceedings of ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE 2010), Paper No. IMECE2010-39055 (2010) [peer-reviewed]. pdf
  5. “A compact nanostructure enhanced heat sink with flow in a rectangular channel”, M. Sesen, B. A. Kosar, B. Ahishalioglu, W. Khudhayer, and T. Karabacak, Proceedings of the ASME 2010 10th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis (ESDA 2010), Paper No. ESDA2010-25336 (2010) [peer-reviewed]. pdf
  6. “Enhanced hydrogen storage properties of magnesium nanotrees with nanoleaves”, M. F. Cansizoglu and T. Karabacak, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Paper #: 1216-W05-03 (2010) [peer-reviewed]. pdf
  7. “Residual stress reduction in sputter deposited thin films by density modulation”, A. S. Alagoz, J.-D. Kamminga, S. Y. Grachev, T.-M. Lu, and T. Karabacak, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Paper #: 1224-FF05-22 (2010) [peer-reviewed]. pdf
  8. “High optical absorption of indium sulfide nanorod arrays formed by glancing angle deposition”, M. F. Cansizoglu, R. Engelken, H.-W. Seo, and T. Karabacak, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1165, 355 (2010) [peer-reviewed]. pdf
  9. “A compact nanostructure integrated pool boiler for microscale cooling applications”, M. Sesen, C. B. Akkartal, W. Khudhayer, T. Karabacak, and A. Koşar, Proceedings of ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE 2009), Paper No. IMECE2009-11008 (2009) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  10. “Design of a Compact Nanostructure Integrated Pool Boiler for Microscale Cooling Applications”, A. Koşar, M. Şeşen, C. B. Akkartal, W. Khudhayer, and T. Karabacak, Proceedings of International Conference on Nanomaterials and Nanosystems (NANOMATS 2009), Paper No. O73 (2009) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  11. “Hydrophobic Metallic Nanorods coated with Teflon Nanopatches by Glancing Angle Deposition”, W. J. Khudhayer, R. Sharma, and T. Karabacak, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (2009) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  12. “Evolution of crystal orientation in obliquely deposited magnesium nanostructures for hydrogen storage applications”, M. F. Cansizoglu, F. Watanabe, P.-I. Wang, and T. Karabacak, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (2007) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  13. “Engineering morphology of surfaces by oblique angle etching”, M. F. Cansizoglu and T. Karabacak, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (2007) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  14. “Networking behavior in thin film and nanostructure growth dynamics”, M. Yuksel , T. Karabacak , and H. Guclu, Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Nano-Networks (Nano-Net), Catania, Italy, September 2007,  (2007) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  15. “Low temperature wafer bonding by copper nano-rod arrays”, P.-I. Wang, T. Karabacak, J. Yu, H.-F. Li, G. G. Pethuraja, J.-Q. Lu, and T.–M. Lu, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., [peer-reviewed] (2007) pdf
  16. “Hydrogen generation using ruthenium nano-rod array electrodes”, S. Kim, T. Karabacak, T.-M. Lu, N. Koratkar, Proc. SPIE, 6172, 61720B (2006) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  17. “Physical self assembly and nano-patterning”, T.-M. Lu, D.-X. Ye, T. Karabacak, and G.-C. Wang, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 849, KK.8.4 (2005) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  18. “Enhanced layer coverage of thin films by oblique angle deposition”, T. Karabacak, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 859E, JJ.9.5 (2005) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  19. “Plasma-Assisted Atomic Layer Deposition of Palladium on Barrier Layer Surfaces”, J. J. Senkevich, G. A. Ten Eyck, F. Tang, D. Liu, S. Pimanpang, T. Karabacak, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Proc. of AVS 5th International Conference on Microelectronics and Interfaces, 158 (2004) pdf
  20. “Cu Electroless Plating of Atomic Layer Deposited Pd Passivated Barrier Layers”, J. J. Senkevich, Y.-S. Kim, D. Liu, T. Karabacak, D.-X Ye, G. A. Ten Eyck, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Proc. of AVS 5th International Conference on Microelectronics and Interfaces, 159 (2004) pdf
  21. “Stress reduction in sputter deposited thin films using physically self-assembled nanostructures as compliant layers”, T. Karabacak, J.J. Senkevich, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Soc. Vac. Coat. 47th Ann. Tech. Conf. Proc. 138 (2004) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  22. “Growth of single crystal tungsten nanorods by oblique angle sputter deposition”, T. Karabacak, P.-I. Wang, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 788, 75 (2004) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  23. “Surface roughness evolution in amorphous tantalum oxide films deposited by reactive sputtering”, P. Jain, J.S. Juneja, T. Karabacak, E.J. Rymaszewski, and T.-M. Lu, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 749, 107 (2003) [peer-reviewed] pdf
  24. “Novel mechanisms of the growth morphology thin films”, T.-M. Lu, Y.-P. Zhao, J.T. Drotar, T. Karabacak, and G.-C. Wang, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 749, 3 (2003) [peer-reviewed] pdf
Patent Disclosures
  1. “Enhanced step coverage of thin films on patterned substrates by oblique angle physical vapor deposition”, T. Karabacak and T.-M. Lu, U.S. Patent No: 7,244,670 (Jul 17, 2007).
  2. “Low-Temperature Welding with Nano Structures”, G. T. Eyck, T.-M. Lu, T. Karabacak, D.-X. Ye, P.-I. Wang, U.S. Patent Pending.