Dr. Robert Sanderson
Office hours by appointment only
Stabler Hall 401-G
Phone: 569-3173


The inescapable conclusion is that society secretly wants crime, needs crime, and gains definite satisfactions from the mishandling of it.

-- Karl Menninger

What are states without justice but robber-bands enlarged?

--St. Augustine

I put to you this question: is a society redeemed if it provides massive safeguards for accused persons including pretrial freedom for most crimes, defense lawyers at public expense, trial and appeals, retrials and more appeals – almost without end – and yet fails to provide elementary protection for its law-abiding citizens? Our search for justice must not be twisted into an endless quest for technical errors, unrelated to guilt or innocence.

--Warren Burger



Frank E. Hagan, Introduction to Criminology (5th edition)


This course is designed to help students define, analyze and discuss the general topic of criminology. Through the presentation of various theoretical perspectives, students should discover the complexity and variety of crimes within our society. Theories are only one component in a process directed at understanding crime. Much of what you will read and observe will have a theoretical underpinning, but the subject matter should enliven your sociological imagination. After all, crime is human behavior, regardless of the form that it takes. As such, it becomes a subject of serious sociological scrutiny and study.

Much of this course will consist of your critical assessment, discussion and written responses to materials presented. Lectures will comprise only a minor portion of the course. The majority of the course is direct student participation. Therefore, your performance and grade will depend on your taking an active role in your own learning.



The statements of Menninger, St. Augustine, and Burger should serve as a useful beginning point for our investigation of crime and criminology in contemporary society. We will explore these and other assertions, which posit a very different picture then, the “taken-for-granted” view that generally dominates our thinking about crime in our society. In short, by using sociology’s unique perspectives, we’re going to study what sociology has to say about the nature, causes and treatment of those patterned ways of human behavior commonly called crime.


It is the policy of UALR to accommodate students with disabilities, pursuant to federal and state law. Any disabled student who needs accommodation, for example, in seating placement or in arrangements for examinations, should inform the instructor at the beginning of the course. The chair of the department offering this course is also available to assist with accommodations. Disabled students are also encouraged to contact the Office of Disability Support Services, located in the Donaghey Student Center, telephone 569-3143.