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Bielefield, Arlene and L. Cheeseman. Technology and Copyright Law: A Guidebook for the Library, Research, and Teaching Profession. New York: Neal Schuman Publishers, Inc., 1997.

Written for non-lawyers, the book covers domestic and international issues in copyright law. Part I addresses the history of copyright law and then looks at trends that might shape the future. Part II looks at technology and copyright in the classroom and libraries, highlighting the concerns of fair use, duplication, and distribution. Part III provides information on copyright law as it impacts the electronic classroom, networks, and international agreements. Also provided are checklists, sample policies and remedies, as well as an index and appendices.

UALR Ottenheimer Library owns this book:
4th Floor KF 3030.1 .B533 1997.

Carson, Bryan M. The Law of Libraries and Archives. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press Inc., 2007.

In this book, legal concepts are explained in plain English so readers will be able to understand the principles that impact libraries and archvies in relation to copyright. This book provides its readers with answers and raises issues for them to think about. In addition to providing a basic overview of the law, this work contains enough details to allow readers to make informed choices and to converse intelligently with legal counsel.

Some of the issues included in the book include contracts, copyright and patent law, fair use, copyright exceptions for libraries, and the TEACH Act. The book contains chapters discussing trademark law, licensing of databases, information malpractice, and professionalism, as well as privacy issues, the PATRIOT Act, employment law, and the basics of starting a non-profit organization.

UALR Ottenheimer Library owns this book:
4th Floor KF 4315 .C37 2007.

Fishman, Stephen. The Copyright Handbook: How to Protect & Use Written Works. Berkeley, CA: Nolo, 2003.

If you only have time to read one book on copyright at the moment, this is probably the one. Starting with a chapter on how to use the book, the author then expands into individual chapters on how to protect your own creative works and what procedures to follow if you wish to make use of someone else’s work. And “work” is very broadly defined and addressed. Issues of confusion in the electronic era are addressed in addition to traditional publishing formats. A CD-ROM is included providing interactive copies of the forms and letters provided in Appendix II.

UALR Ottenheimer Library owns this book:
4th Floor KF 2995 .F53 2003.

Fishman, Stephen. The Public Domain: How to Find & Use Copyright-free Writings, Music, Art & More. Berkeley, CA: Nolo, 2004.

Copyright laws do not protect all creative works forever. Eventually, materials enter the public domain. But even there, the rules are not simple black and white definitions . Over the course of 23 chapters, detailed information is provided on how to determine if a work is in the public domain and how you are allowed to use it. Movies and television, music, art and computer software all are addressed in their own chapters.

UALR Ottenheimer Library owns this book:
4th Floor KF 3022 .Z9 F57 2004.

Gross, L., J Katz, and J. Ruby, eds. Image Ethics in the Digital Age. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.

The last quarter century has allowed for numerous advances in the production, manipulation, and distribution of images. As a result, a range of moral, ethical, and legal challenges now face those working in the media world. A collection of essays by an international selection of authors addresses everything from editing software to instantaneous electronic distribution of images, to the increasing use of surveillance cameras in public places.

UALR Ottenheimer Library owns this book:
5th Floor TR 820 .I42 2003.

Harris, Robert A. The Plagiarism Handbook: Strategies for Preventing, Detecting, and Dealing with Plagiarism. Los Angeles: Pyrczak Publishing, 2001.

Written in a straightforward manner, this book offers several suggestions for instructors in expand their knowledge of plagiarism techniques that might be used by students. From there, techniques are provided to design assignments to deter and detect plagiarism. Seven appendices provide teaching materials, quizzes, websites, to supplement the text.

UALR Ottenheimer Library owns this book:
4th Floor PN 167 .H37 2001.

Lipinski, Thomas A. Copyright Law and the Distance Education Classroom. Lanham, MD.: Scarecrow Press, 2005.

Written by an author who is both an educator and a lawyer, this volume addresses how the TEACH Act has amended the U.S. copyright law in relation to distance education. The responsibilities of the institutions are addressed as are those of the individual instructors.

UALR Ottenheimer Library owns this book:
4th Floor KF 4209 .E38 L57 2005.

Russell, Carrie, ed. Complete Copyright: An Everyday Guide for Librarians. Chicago: American Library Association, 2004.

Initially aimed at librarians, this work offers 8 chapters addressing the major components of copyright. Each chapter provides questions about specific issues by outlining scenarios faced by librarians and educators. The legal issues area spelled out and then means of applying the law to each question is given in detail. Multiple appendices provide segments of the copyright law, fair use guidelines, selected copyright court cases, and excellent glossary and bibliography.

UALR Ottenheimer Library owns this book:
4th Floor KF2995 .C57 2004.

Samuels, Edward. The Illustrated Story of Copyright. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

For those not interested in very detailed descriptions of copyright laws and procedures, this is the right work to start with. It provides and straightforward, colorful history of copyright. In addition to the necessary details, readers will learn about how copyright applies to popular cultural, covering formats from musicals to computer software, in addition to tradition printed sources.

UALR Ottenheimer Library owns this book:
4th Floor KF2994 .S26 2000.

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Web sites

Creative Commons is a new system designed within the current copyright laws, to allow individuals to share their work (music, movies, images, and text) with others. It was based on the idea that some people might now want to exercise all the intellectual property rights granted to them in US Copyright law. The Learn More and About sections will provide details on how the system works and how you are still able to protect your rights to your creations.

The Copyright Clearance Center provides assistance in obtaining permission to use a wide range of copyrighted works from US and international sources. It also offers guidance for publishers and authors to include their works in the Center’s database.

The University of Texas-Austin's Harry Ranson Humanities Research Center and the Reading University Library have created two databases that will allow you to find the contact information for copyrighted materials. The objective of each file is to provide information to scholars and researchers about whom to contact for permission to publish text and images that are under copyright protection.

The Firms Out of Business (FOB) site provides the names and addresses of copyright holders and contact persons for out-of-business printing and publishing firms, magazines, and literary agencies that have archives in North America and the United Kingdom.

The Writers, Artists, and Their Copyright Holders (WATCH) database contains the names and addresses of copyright holders or contact persons for authors and artists.

Stanford University Libraries & Academic Information Resources offers the Copyright Renewal Database. The database allows searching of the copyright renewal records received by the U.S. Copyright Office between 1950 and 1993 for books published in the United States between 1923 and 1963. The database includes only U.S. Class A (book) renewals. Those 40 years are of particular interest in U.S. copyright because a renewal registration was required to prevent the expiration of copyright.

The University of Texas copyright website maintains an extensive list of URLS addressing various aspects of copyright and intellectual property issues.

Here are guidelines that other campuses have developed that you might find useful.

Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis: Fair Use Checklist

University of Texas: Guidelines for Fair Use.

Eastern Michigan University copyright website.

Washington State Press copyright website.

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Library

For more information , visit the U.S. Copyright Office website.

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Journal articles

Besek, June M. “Copyright: What Makes a Use “Fair”?” Educause Review, 38 (November/December 2003): 12-13.

Fair use has long been one of the most frustrating parts of the copyright law. As Besek says, “the ambiguity of the fair use doctrine is also its strength, because if allows courts to apply fair sue to new and sometimes completely unanticipated uses of copyrighted works.” (page 12) Fair use has no black and white definition and while there are 4 factors to be considered each time fair use is addressed, the outcome can differ for two similar cases, as her examples show.

Can be accessed at

Boynton, Robert S. “Righting Copyright: Fair Use and “Digital Environmentalism”.” Bookforum, (Feb/Mar. 2005)

Following the creation of US copyright law from 1790 to present, Boynton addresses the ideas behind the changes. Once reaching current laws, he begins to explore the impact of technology on copyright and question how the future might change the laws. Means of electronic access, which could not have been foreseen by the first Congress, are making artists/writers, publishers, teachers, and sometimes citizens, look differently at how information is accessed and used. But in other ways, the future will not be any different than the past. Only the technology involved will change.

Can be accessed at

Crews, Kenneth, D. “Copyright and Distance Education: Making Sense of the TEACH Act.” Change, 35 (November/December 2003): 34-39)

To some, the TEACH Act (Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization Act) seems to contradict everything in the Copyright Law of 1976. To others, it appears to give educators much more freedom when designing online courses. Because of the numerous requirements within the TEACH Act, Crews’ article offers a wonderful introduction to the law by breaking it down in logical steps and addressing the expectations of the instructor and the educational institution.

Can be accessed as a paper journal on the 3rd floor of Ottenheimer Library, or in electronic format at http://0-search.epne

Hilton, James. “Copyright Assumptions and Challenges.” Educause Review, 36 (November/December 2001): 48-55

By starting out with three common, but incorrect assumptions, Hilton addresses the most commonly made mistakes in relation to copyright law. From there, he progresses through the ways in which copyright laws apply to higher education, both in the creation of coursework, including the use of copyrighted materials, and the rights of the creator as an employee in higher education. Highly recommended for a quick overview of copyright’s role in higher education.

Can be accessed at

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For you to share with your students

The links below are provided on the Information for Students section of this website, but you are welcome to include any or all of these in your handouts or online materials.

How to give credit where credit is due
Citation guidelines


When writing a paper that involves consulting and/or quoting another author’s ideas, it is necessary to properly cite that person’s work. Depending on the field of study, there are different style manuals in use. Please ask your professor which style manual is appropriate for his/.her class and be aware that different professors may require different manuals. Ottenheimer Library’s Reference Department has paper copies of all the major style manuals and has compiled two lists of web sites which provide assistance with using style manuals. Consult the web pages below for additional assistance:

Style Guides -

Internet Reference Resources – select the sub-category of Style Manuals -

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RefWorks is an online bibliographic management tool which enables you to automatically format a bibliography for your paper according to the APA, MLA, Chicago, etc. style manuals or even in accord with the exceptional formats specified by the editors of some journals.

Whether you are writing a brief article or a lengthy book, RefWorks will put an end to that tedious and time-consuming process of getting your bibliography just right. RefWorks formats according to your chosen style manual all of the following materials: books, journal articles, magazine articles, newspaper articles, government documents, audiovisual materials, microforms, electronic books and documents.

To create an account, simply click on RefWorks ( ), which is located about halfway down the “Research Tools” page ( ) on the Ottenheimer Library web page. Enter the group code *. Next, create a user name and password for yourself.

* To obtain the group code, submit a request through the Ask a Reference Librarian ( ) link on the library web page. Please provide your UALR e-mail address. Due to contractual restrictions, the Reference Department cannot provide the group code over the telephone.

For detailed assistance, please contact Dr. Brent Nelson at 569-8807 or

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UNC on information ethics for students

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Information Ethics Tutorial
Designed as a self-paced presentation, the Information Ethics Tutorial addresses plagiarism, fair use, and other aspect of copyright. While the quizzes are restricted to UNC –Chapel Hill students only, the remainder of the content is well done and beneficial to all students.

New media, new rights, and your new dissertation.

The Music Library Association has some useful guidelines regarding education uses of music that you might find helpful.

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Remember that copyright is an area where there is still much ambiguity. Future legislation and court decisions will continue to shape copyright law. Information provided on this website should not be construed as legal advice.